The Free Blacks originate across the same 105 locations of origin as the enslaved. They were either manumitted enslaved persons or freed convicts or had arrived in the Cape as free persons of colour. The term Black was used for any non-European person whether African, Indian, Southeast Asian, or Chinese or person of mixed ancestry inclusive of European admixture.
- 105 Roots of Origin -
Cabo Verde; Guinea; Benin; Angola
Mozambique; Tanganyika; Zanzibar; Kenya; Ethiopia
Toliary Province; Mahajanja Province; Antsirana Province; Toamasina Province
Mozambique Island Slaver Station and feeder countries – Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Congo and Zimbabwe
West Coast India; East Coast India; West Bengal; Bangladesh
Myanmar (Arakan/Rakhine); Laos; Siam (Thailand); Vietnam (Tonkin-Hanoi); Cambodia; Malaysia (Malacca); Kwangtung China; Singapore; Indonesia Archipelago; Philippines; Formosa (Taiwan); Deshima (Japan)